The regulations in force for disposal of office waste are continuously evolving and they refer not only to the Italian legislation, but also to EU-legislation, that are becoming more and more sensitive to environmental protection issues.
The reference standards for office waste management are:
•    EEC directives, 91/156, 91/689, 94/62
•    Decree 152 / 06, former Decree 22 / 97 and subsequent amendments
•    law 125/2015
•    Legislative simplification dated October 22, 2008
•    Legislative Decree 116/2014
•    Various ministerial clarifications 2015

All wastes are classified into two broad categories:
1.    Community Waste: waste produced by urban consumers (private individuals, families). Depending on their nature, community waste may be disposed of through normal recycling or they can take advantage of the municipal landfills.
2.    Special waste: waste produced by enterprises, i.e. by each VAT. Companies cannot use the same channels of urban utilities private. Their directors have the obligation to dispose of any type of waste in accordance with the respective legislation and taking proper track of the processes carried out.

All wastes are classified with an EWC code (European waste code).

In turn, both the community waste that the Special ones must be classified depending on their possible degree of hazard, in the following 3 classes:

1)    certainly non-hazardous waste
2)    certainly Hazardous waste
3)    possibly hazardous waste, which are obviously the most complex to be determined and that have a double EWC code (commonly called " mirror Code "), one with an asterisk and one with a variant without it.

The print exhausted waste, inkjet, ribbons, laser cartridges, or even toner containers, are classified as possibly dangerous and so they have the ERC " Code Mirror", namely:

o    8.03.18 printing toner other than those mentioned in 08.03.17 *
o    08.03.17 * waste printing toner containing dangerous substances.

The law 116/2014 has made changes in waste classification methodology, with a series of recommendations on how to make such a classification.
Risparmio Energetico
In the case of print exhausted waste with CER " Code Mirror " is the waste producer’s responsibility that to determine the hazard properties that it owns through the application of a chemical analysis of the waste in a specialized and accredited laboratory. The analysis is necessary, at least at the time of the first classification, and, it will have to be repeated periodically in relation to variations in the waste composition or, in case of no variation, with the aim of demonstrating the persistence of non-hazardous characteristics.